Heraklion hosts many canyons, most of which cross the ranges of Psiloritis and Asterousia. Asterousia has wonderful hiking canyons, some of the most important being Agiofarago, Martsalo and Trafoulas. However, the most famous gorge is the canyon Gafaris at Psiloritis, crossing the magnificent oak wood of Rouvas. Other canyons of Psiloritis are the gorge of Kroussonas, through which passes the Minoan path to the Idaean Cave, the gorge Vromonero, the gorge Vorizano and the two small canyons of Asites (Saint Charalambos and Saint Anthony). Near Heraklion city, there are the lush canyons of Karteros, Kounavi, Sylamos, Almyros and Venerato. Moreover, the western slopes of Lassithi Mountains host the canyons of Roza, Ambelos, Apotyposi and the river Aposelemis by Hersonissos.
Apart from reachable gorges, Heraklion is home to some very popular technical canyons such as the imposing canyon of Arvi, which after an 80m high fall turns into a dark underground river. Especially the area of Tsoutsouras and Keratokambos is home to many steep canyons that have been equipped with bolts and anchors for training new canyoners.
In the village Karavados in prefecture Heraklion lies a small gorge that is completely unknown, Argoulidias gorge. Its name is taken after the many wild olive trees (called argoulides in Cretan dialect) found in the canyon, the vegetation of which is complemented by carobs, Nerium oleanders and many plane trees.
Gerakia is a technical gorge of the range Asterousia in the area of Agios Ioannis, near Kapetaniana, with a southern orientation. It is one of the many parallel technical gorges of the area and crosses a beautiful pine forest.