The town of

Tymbaki

Timbaki is a small town located 65km south of Heraklion, on the plain of Messara. It is positioned near the beach of the Kokkinos Pirgos, the ancient palace of Phaestus and the Minoan villa in Agia Triada. Its residents are mainly engaged in agriculture, as the area is full of olive groves and greenhouses. Indeed, the greenhouses are so many, that most of the vegetables are exported abroad on daily basis.

The city has no special beauties to show, as most buildings are modern and ugly. You could visit the metropolitan church of St. Titus and drink your coffee in the main square or on the beach of Kokkinos Pirgos.

The main reason for the ugly modern architecture of Timbaki is the fact that the village was evacuated and all houses were demolished by the Germans during the Second World War, and later rebuilt from scratch. The Germans kept a few buildings stay in and used the materials from the demolished houses for building the nearby airport of Timbaki, which could control the entire southeastern Mediterranean Sea. Even today the airport is operating, but it mainly offers services to the officers of the Air Force as a summer resort. On summers, the runway hosts frequent car races, while one sky diving club operates in the airport.

The largest river of Messara, Geropotamos, empties its waters near Timbaki and forms a small marsh at the position Katalyki. Before several centuries, malaria caused by the local marshes kept the development of Timbaki away.

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Kokkinos Pirgos beach

Kokkinos Pirgos (i.e. Red Tower) is located 67km west of Heraklion and close to the town of Tymbaki. The name is taken after the tower that was there and was built with reddish soil. The purpose of this tower at this point is still unknown. It is the seaside village of Timbaki, home of the port of the region and developed touristically.

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Kalamaki beach

Kalamaki is a small seaside village located 65km southwest of Heraklion, between Matala and Kokkinos Pirgos. The beach in front of the village is only a small part (2,5 km) of the vast seafront that stretches along the long Bay of Messara.

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Geropotamos River

Geropotamos, the sacred river of the Minoans, gathers the water of Mesara Plain and exits inside the military airport of Tymbaki, close to Kokkinos Pirgos. The coastline south of Kokkinos Pyrgos has several places where small ponds of foremost ecological importance are formed, with the nicest being at the area of Pahia Ammos (or Afratias), which can be accessed through dirt track.

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Phestos Palace

Phaestus (Phestos or Festos) was a Minoan city on Crete, the ruins of which are located 55km south of Heraklion. The city was already inhabited since 6000BC and prospered concurrently with the city of Knossos, till the 1st century BC.

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Agia Triada Royal villa

At the banks of the river Geropotamos, at position Agia Triada, the Minoans built a small palace that was excavated by the Italian Archaeological School at Athens in 1902-1914. This Royal Villa was built in the 16th century B.C. (New Palace period) and was probably used as a summer villa for the king of Phaestus or as permanent residence after the destruction of Phaestus palace in 1450BC.

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