The existence of numerous caves is inextricably linked to the rugged topography of Crete. Crete has more than 4.500 mapped caves and sinkholes, available to each experienced speleologist who wants to enjoy their rich decoration and fauna.
The geological importance of Crete is indicated by the numerous international caving missions for the discovery of unexplored caves and sinkholes. Internationally famous precipices are Gourgouthakas (the deepest in Greece with a depth of -1.208m), Leon (with a depth of -1.110m), and more. Areas that host a large number of caves, ideal for cavers, include mount Stroumboulas by Heraklion, the Geopark of Sitia, the Geopark of Psiloritis and Melidoni area at the White Mountains.
On the island, many speleological clubs offer their research and educational contribution. All clubs together constitute the most active speleological community in Greece.