The peninsula of Elafonissi is located at an area with shallow waters and reef complexes that is very dangerous for passing ships. For this reason, the lighthouse still stands on its site and is closely related to one of the greatest maritime tragedies in Greece.
The "Tomb of the ships" was revealed in February 1907 when the Austrian ship Imperatrix was sank here with 182 people (crew and passengers). During the event, 38 people were drowned and buried on the penisnula. If there were not the Russian ship Hivendis, the monks of Chrysoskalitissa monastery and some locals, who swam in the stormy sea to rescue the shipwrecked people, and then treated them, there would be more drowned passengers.
After the tragic event, a high oil lighthouse was placed with 144 steps. A tank, oven and houses for keepers were also attached to the lighthouse. Till then, the peninsula was full of junipers, but all the trees were cut and used for lime kilns. The huge lighthouse started operating around 1920. Once a year, in summer, the ship Orion carried oil and supplies for the lighthouse.
In 1924, the Russian Admiral Nikolaos Nikolaevich Filosofof, was hired as the lighthouse keeper. In 1907, Filosofof was the commander of the Russian ship Hivendis that helped rescuing the castaways.
The great Lighthouse of Elafonisi was bombed by the Germans in WW2. Today, the visitor will see a metal lighthouse, which in no case has the charm of the old one.