The Minoan settlement of Vasiliki is located across the exit of the gorge of Ha and near the Minoan settlement of Gournia, at an elevated point that controlled the valley of Ierapetra.
The settlement existed since 2600NC and flourished due to its strategic position and the fertile valley. The main buildings were destroyed by fire in 2300BC and later new were built on the hilltop. Impressive knowledge of urban planning seems to have been acquired by the Minoans.
The first excavations were made in 1900 by the Americans H. Boyd and R.B. Seager, but the most systematic excavations were made by A. Zois. The excavations have revealed a Minoan mansion (on the hill) with storage rooms and a courtyard.